Are Kings David and Solomon mytichal figures?

Many scholars don’t believe that kings David and Solomon really existed. They dismiss them as mythological figures. At that time, three thousand years ago, there isn’t a state or any organized istitution. But David is a fundamental piece of the Christian faith, because Gabriel appeared “to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary” (Luke 1,27). But now we probably have evidence that David was not a legendary man. Mississipi State University archaeological team found something of very interesting on a dig site in southern Israel the summer of 2013. At Khirbet Summeily, a site east of Gaza, they found six clay bullae that “were used to seal official correspondence in much the same way wax seals were used on official documents in later periods. Our preliminary results – says Jimmy Hardin, associate professor in the MSU Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures – indicated that this site is integrated into a political entity that is typified by elite activities, suggesting that a state was already being formed in the 10th century B.C. We are very positive that these bullae are associated with the Iron Age IIA, which we date to the 10th century B.C., and which lends general support to the historical veracity of David and Solomon as recorded in the Hebrew biblical texts”. Hardin also said that “Some text scholars and archaeologists have dismissed the historic reliability of the biblical text surrounding kings David and Solomon, such as recorded in the Bible in the books of Kings and Second Samuel. The fact that these bullae came off of sealed written documents shows that this site — located out on the periphery of pretty much everything — is integrated at a level far beyond subsistence,” he said. “You have either political or administrative activities going on at a level well beyond those typical of a rural farmstead.” So David was not only the shepherd, or the musician or also a poet. David was the king of an organized institution, such as a monarchy. Biblical scholars should take into serious scrutiny these archaeological finds. They have to dismiss some theories about the bible texts origin and they have to base their scientific study also on archaeological evidence. King David existed and he was the beginner of a reign of which also us are part by the faith in Jesus Christ! (Article based on the official report of the MSU)

Simone Venturini


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