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Course on the Pentateuch – Exegesis of Exodus 14 – (First part)

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the…

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A spirit like a bird! (Genesis chap. 1, verse 2)

“And the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.” The last part of the second verse is another absolute mystery. In the source text the Hebrew phrase has a meaning which escapes us almost completely when transtated into English: werùach Elohim merachèfet al-penè hammàyim. Is this the spirit of…

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Elohim: God or gods? (Genesis chap. 1, verse 1)

The third word of the Hebrew Bible is Elohim: “Bereshìt barà Elohim …” “At the beginning God created … “. So, at the very beginning of the Hebrew Bible we find a reference to polytheism? The verb barà (created) is singular, so the author was convinced that there was only…

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The Light is God or the place where he lives? (Genesis chap. 1, verse 3)

“And God said, Let there be light and there was light!” This is the first step of the biblical creation; first of all, we see how God creates without using external tools, as well indicated by the Hebrew verb barà. In fact, he uses the simple word – davàr –…

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