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The Pentateuch: A Long History of Study and Research (Sixth part)

The source P. This “source” presents a considerable amount of difficulties. At first it was called Elohist (by the French physician Jean Astruc), then “priestly code” (hence the initials “P”) or “priestly tradition”. Classically it is believed that P has represented the last editorial phase of the Pentateuch, giving it the…

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The Pentateuch: A Long History of Study and Research (Fifth part)

Deuteronomy (D) and Deuteronomist. In the nineteenth century, scholars discussed a lot about the origin of the Pentateuch. Wellhausen, for example, maintained that there were originally two parts (Dt 1-4:44; 12-26; 27; 4:45-11:39; 28-30) which were then merged together in the final redaction of the Pentateuch. Regarding the dating of the source,…

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The Pentateuch: A Long History of Study and Research (Fourth part)

The Elohist. This source is called Elohist because before the Sinai’s accounts God is always called Elohim. In the early stages of research on the Pentateuch it was regarded as the most important source, as was attributed to this source what will be later assigned to the source P. It is the…

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The Pentateuch: A Long History of Study and Research (Third part)

Source Yahwist (J).  This source is related to the first documentary hypothesis also called “Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis”. It is based on the presence of YHWH name starting from the chapter of Genesis 1-3. The source’s tone is light and free, and it begins from creation to reach the Davidic kingdom. The dating is very…

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The Pentateuch: A Long History of Study and Research (Second Part)

The scholar who more than any other has influenced the studies on the formation of the Pentateuch is certainly Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918). He began his academic career as a theologian at the University of Greifswald, from which, however, resigned for the incompatibility of his studies with the academic task of training future pastors of…

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