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Course on the Pentateuch – Exegesis of Exodus 14 – Relationships with other texts

After acknowledging two different stories mixed together in Chapter 14, let us now look at other similar biblical texts. The story of the division of the sea – i.e. the miracle itself – recalls Ex 7:1-5. Here too, the intervention of God – the plagues of Egypt – is aimed…

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Deuteronomy 12 as an Example of the Threefold Deuteronomistic Editing

12 These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the Lord God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth. 2 Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess…

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The scroll of the Law found by Josiah in the Temple: myth or reality?

According to 2 Kings 22-23, in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah, the priest Hilkiah found a roll during the renovation work of the Temple of Jerusalem. By order of the king, High Officer Shaphan reads the scroll in front of all the people. The reaction is strong and…

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Course on the Pentateuch – Exegesis of Exodus 14 – The drying of the Red Sea

In Exodus 14, as we have said, there are two different stories, cast and adapted by the author. The first, which we have seen, is the story of the true miracle, the so-called parting of the Red Sea made by God through his servant Moses. The second is a somewhat more…

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Who were the Deuteronomists?

As is often the case in the Bible, especially in the Pentateuch, it is very difficult – if not impossible – to describe the authors/editors a little more in detail. It is also for deuteronomists, those who wrote for the first time a history (not a historiography) of Israel. Here’s what…

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Course on the Pentateuch – Exegesis of Exodus 14 – (First part)

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the…

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The Composition of the Historical Books. From Joshua to 2 Kings (Third part)

The multiplication of dtr editors has made many scholars skeptical about the very existence of deuteronomic history. The problem is essentially the concept of “historiography” and the coherence of the dtr work. The “dtr” history can not be termed in any way, since it still belongs to the mythical genus…

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The Composition of the Historical Books. From Joshua to 2 Kings (Second part)

Until the end of the 1960s, Martin Noth’s theory – that of a single author for Dtr – remained basically unchanged, finding mainly confirmations and some minor correction. Among the supporters we find Ivan Engnell (1906-1964).  Otto Eissfeldt (1887-1973) argued that the complexity of the texts contained in the so-called Former Prophets…

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